1. Provide a brief overview of the history and effects of ectomycorrhizal fungal invasions, 2. Discuss prevention, detection, and removal strategies for new incursions, recognizing proposed strategies are based on expert opinion and analogy to plant and animal invasions, and 3. Consider strategies to manage invasions and reduce the rate of spread, where removal is impossible.
Type of Study:
In order to effectively address the problems posed by invasive ectomycorrhizal fungi, land managers and scientists need to work together to develop and robustly test control and management strategies.
Ecosystem management to avoid soil disturbance, and protect or restore native ecosystems may contribute to maintaining native fungal populations and reducing co-invasion, despite being unlikely to eliminate invasive ectomycorrhizal fungi altogether.
Response variable :
Dickie, I. A., Nuñez, M. A., Pringle, A., Lebel, T., Tourtellot, S. G., & Johnston, P. R. (2016). Towards management of invasive ectomycorrhizal fungi. Biol. Inv. 18, 3383-3395.